CLASS Nepal and WMS jointly conducted a consultation meeting on Energy Democracy in Nepal on 28 February 2020 at Kathmandu.

Water modeling Solutions


Hydrological Modeling

Devkota, L. P. and Gyawali, D. R, 2015. Impacts of Climate Change on Hydrological Regime and Water Resources Management of the Koshi River Basin, Nepal, Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies

Khadka, A., Devkota, L. P., Kayastha, R. B., 2015. Impacts of Climate Change on the Snow Hydrology of Koshi River Basin, J. Hydrology and Meteorology, Nepal

Bharati, L., Gurung, P., Maharjan, L., Bhattarai, U., Jayakody, P., 2014. Past and Future Variability in the Hydrological Regime of the Koshi Basin, Nepal. Hydrological Sciences Journal.

Bharati, L., Gurung, P., Jayakody, P., Smakhtin, V., Bhattarai, U. 2014. The Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources Availability and Development in the Koshi Basin, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development.

Devkota, L. P., 2004, MIKE SHE Model for water yield estimation of the Kathmandu Valley, International Conference on Security and Sustainability in Water Resources, The Center for Sustainability, Environment, Equity and Partnership, Kathmandu, Nepal, 2004, October 28-30

Hydraulic modeling

Marahatta, S., Bhattarai, U., Devkota, L.P., Acharya, S.C., 2009. GIS-based Hydraulic Modelling of Marine River of Nepal. In: Proceedings of International Seminar on Hazard Management for Sustainable Development, November 30, 2009. Kathmandu, Nepal.

Bhattarai, U., Gautam, M.R., Devkota, L.P., Osti, R., 2009. Flood Hazard Modelling of West Rapti River Basin of Banke District of Nepal. In: International Symposium on Environment, Energy and Water in Nepal: Recent Researches and Direction for Future, March 31 - April 1, 2009. Kathmandu, Nepal.

Devkota, L. P., U. Matsubayasi and Takagi, F., 1998. A new form of dispersion coefficient model for the porous media, Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, JSCE, Vol. 42, pp 355-360.

Disaster Risk Modeling

Gyawali, D. R. and Devkota, L. P., 2015. Dam Break Analysis of Proposed Koshi High Dam, Proceedings of Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Nepal.

Shivakoti B.R., Pandey V.P., 2015. Climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction synergies of interventions in Nepal. In:  Prabhakar, S.V.R.K., P. Ofei-Manu, D.S. Solomon, B. R. Shivakoti (Eds.) An inductive approach for the evidence of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction synergies of interventions: Challenges and opportunities. Research Report 2015. Hayama, Japan: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies. pp 57-71.

Singh M. and Devkota, L.P., 2013. People's Perspective on Flood Hazard and Adaptation Strategies in the Koshi River Basin of Nepal, Climate Change, Water Resources and Disasters in Mountainous Regions: Building Resilience to Changing Climate, 27th -29th November,  Kathmandu, Nepal.

Devkota, R. P, Maraseni, T.N., Cockield G., Devkota, L.P., 2013. Flood Vulnerability through the Eyes of Vulnerable People in Mid-Western Terai of Nepal, J. Earth Sci. Climate Change.

Water Resources Planning

Amjath-Babu, T.S., Sharma, B., Brouwer, R., Rasul, G., Wahid, S.M., Neupane, N., Bhattarai, U., Sieber, S., 2019. Integrated modelling of the impacts of hydropower projects on the water-food-energy nexus in a transboundary Himalayan river basin. Applied Energy. Available online from

Bhattarai, U. and Pandey, V.P., 2018 (Eds.). Proceedings of 8th Asian Regional Conference on “Irrigation in Support of Evergreen Revolution”, May 2-4, 2018, Kathmandu, Nepal. Published by: National Committee of ICID (NENCID), Nepal.

Thapa-Parajuli, R.B., Devkota, R.P., Bhattarai, U. and Maraseni, T., 2018. A Preference-based Analysis of Community Level Flood Early Warning Techniques in the West Rapti River Basin, Nepal. Journal of Geography & Natural Disasters Vol 8(3): 230. Available online from 

Chinnasamy, P., Bharati , L., Bhattarai, U., Khadka, A., Dahal, V., Wahid, S., 2015. Impact of planned water resource development on current and future water demand in the Koshi River basin, Nepal. Water International. Available online from

Devkota, L. P., 2011. Policy Issues in Hydro-electricity Development in Nepal, Nepalese Society and Politics: the Context of Transformation (edited by Bandu Bikram Chhetri and Chiran Sharma), Ashisih Book House, Kathmandu, (Book Chapter, in Nepali).

Devkota, L. P., 2011. Development Model of Nepal, RatoJhilko, Nepal, 2011 (in Nepali).

Climate Change Analysis

Bastakoti, R.C., Bharati, L., Bhattarai, U. and Wahid, S. 2017. Agriculture under changing climate conditions and adaptation options in the Koshi Basin. Climate and Development, 9:7, 634-648.

Shrestha, H., Bhattarai, U., Dulal K.N., Adhikari, S., Marahatta, S. and Devkota, L.P., 2016. Impact of Climate Change in the Karnali Basin, Nepal. Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology. Vol 10, Number 1. Society of Hydrologists and Meteorologists-Nepal (SOHAM-Nepal)

Devkota, R.P., Pandey, V.P., Bhattarai, U., Shrestha, H., Adhikari, S. and Dulal, K.N., 2016. Climate change and adaptation strategies in Budhi Gandaki River Basin, Nepal: a perception-based analysis. Climatic Change, 140:195.

Devkota, L. P. and Gyawali, D.R., 2015. Impacts of Climate Change on Hydrological Regime and Water Resources Management of the Koshi River Basin, Nepal, Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies.

Devkota, R. P. and Bhattarai, U., 2015. Assessment of climate change impact on floods from a techno-social perspective. J Flood Risk Management. DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12192.

Khadka, A., Devkota, L.P., Kayastha, R.B., 2015. Impacts of Climate Change on the Snow Hydrology of Koshi River Basin, J. Hydrology and Meteorology, Nepal.

Shrestha S., Babel M.S., Pandey V.P. (Eds.), 2014.Climate change and water resources. CRC Press (Taylor and Francis Group), ISBN: 13: 978-1-4665-9467-8 (eBook - PDF).

Pandey V.P., Manandhar S., Kazama F., 2014. Climate change vulnerability assessment. In: Shrestha S., Babel M.S., Pandey V.P. (Eds.) Climate change and water resources. CRC Press (Taylor and Francis Group), pp. 183-208. (Chapter 7).

Shrestha, S., Gyawali, B., Bhattarai, U. 2013. Impacts of Climate Change on Irrigation Water Requirements for Rice-Wheat Cultivation in Bagmati River Basin, Nepal. Journal of Water and Climate Change 04.4, IWA Publishing.

Manandhar S., Pandey V.P., Ishidaira H., Kazama F., 2013. Perturbation study of climate change impacts in a snow-fed river basin. Hydrological Processes, 27 (24), 3461-3474